mortar bed for tile

In a floating mortar bed system, a cleavage membrane is installed over the sub-floor. endobj This sheet prevents the mortar bed from bonding to the substrate and allows it to "slip" if … If you have to slope to a drain, use the same process with screeds on the outer perimeter, then pack the mud between the drain and the screed and cut it off and finish it like a flat section. 1 0 obj Prep the surface of your subfloor. It is easy to mix and use, eliminating the need for site mixing of sand and cement. Dry pack is a system of tile underlayment using a dry mortar bed of about an inch. Cut the material to fit with tin snips, and staple it down on top of the tar paper. Using a U-notched trowel and embedding the tile into the thinset leaves you with a bed of thinset beneath … Mortar beds are really the best way to install tile in a wood frame home because they provide a thick stable surface that will not cause your tile to crack. Select one of CUSTOM’s dry-set modified mortars for large and heavy tile (also called medium bed mortar) to support large format tile installations. Dry pack is a system of tile underlayment using a dry mortar bed of about an inch. Not good either. Add 3701 Mortar Admix to all LATICRETE thick-bed mortars for an economical and easy way to increase bond and compressive strength. A thick-set or mud-set tile installation consists of finish tiles set over a 1-1/4" to 2" thick portland cement mortar bed. 129 square feet: $0.00: $0.00: Mortar Bed Installation Job Supplies Thinset tile mortar has a smooth, slippery consistency, similar to mud. Concrete mortar is one of the most durable building materials known to man. Use when setting a mortar bed for shower installations. Over 2", the mortar bed shall be spec'd per archy.Interior walls: Each installation method details a different mortar bed thickness. Polymer-Modified Thick-Bed and Render Mortar Modified Mortar Bed is a pre-blended, cement-based, polymer-modified thick-bed and render mortar that includes a blend of selected aggregates. Premixed mortar, don't use it, especially for tile in a wet area. correctly, a medium-bed mortar will not slump when used up to 3/4" thick after the tile has been beat-in, supporting the weight of the large format tile or stone and compensating for the inevitable irregularities in the tile or sub-floor. Not good. Pre-blended underlayment specifically designed to float a mortar bed for ceramic and natural stone tile. Flex Bond LFT Crack Prevention Medium Bed Mortar is a premium quality, medium bed polymer-modified mortar for use with large format tiles. Tim Anderson has been freelance writing since 2007. Primers . Cover the paper with chicken wire or mesh. Bed the tile in position and remove any mortar that may have been squeezed out when placing the tile. Chloraloy isolates the mortar bed from the sloped mortar and can prevent telegraphing of cracks in concrete to tile. His has been published online through GTV Magazine, Home Anatomy, TravBuddy, MMO Hub, Killer Guides and the Delegate2 group. You can float between screeds on the same day if you work slow and avoid pulling the top of the screeds off with your level/straight edges. The mortar bed sits over the sub-floor and provides a smooth and stable base for the tile installation. Creating a bed of mortar is an older method of setting tiles on a concrete slab. Includes planning, equipment and material acquisition, area preparation and protection, setup and cleanup. Modified Mortar Bed. This method was brought over from Europe and is not commonly used these days. Insert the front tip into an end of your screed. As a general rule the finish thickness of thinset mortar with ceramic tile installations is around one eighth inch once the mud has been compressed under a tile. Work with a roughly 2- to 3-foot “deep” section so you don’t put more mud on the floor than you can work with. We are here to help; 800-272-8786; Contact Us CustomTech Flooring Prep . Not good. The thick bed mortar would then be compacted and screeded (made flat and/or level) prior to installation of tile or stone. Some thin- sets are fortified with latex (polymeric or acrylic) to increase the adhesive properties and flexibility. Flip the level around to place it on top of the second screed. %PDF-1.5 Fast Setting Thick Bed Mortar is a pre-blended sand and cement formula to prepare for the installation of ceramic tile using the thick set method. Shovel a line of mortar down on one end of your work space. These terms are synonymous and refer to the sheet used between the mortar bed and the substrate. and high sand to cement mixes were commonplace). Spread and comb heat-resistant mortar on the backerboard bed and, starting along an edge with full tiles, set the tiles in place. Quick Cure Mortar Bed is a rapid setting, polymer fortified blend of carefully selected polymers, portland cement and graded aggregates. The slope should be at least 1/4 inch per linear foot from perimeter to the drain. The tile industry recognizes two methods for reinforcing mortar setting beds for floor tiles over wood-framed floors (F141 and F145 in the TCA Handbook). Use a tape measure to determine the depth of the mortar floor you want. Schluter say use a 6mm trowel which would give a compressed bed of about 2-3mm. It is used to repair small spots, creating thick bed mortar for tile and brick placement, and bed shower installation. So if I use a 6mm trowel the Ditra heat will be too low by about 4-5mm. Then I would end up having to put a thick bed under the tile. Work your way down until you have a flat-topped screed. Take it back, purchase a good modified thinset "dry mix" in the bag along with a paddle mixer for an electric drill. Use a trowel and sponge to neaten the bedding mortar to provide a … Secure framing and screed strips. I'll assume you're talking about laying a mortar-bed tile floor over wood framing. Ditra heat is 7.5mm thick so that leaves a compressed thinset bed of about 7.5mm. ��7����O����ׯd��>�4z�k$c�� _бC�Ew�ݼ. Commercial products are available. Mix up a batch of concrete in the mixing machine. Economical, saves time with no job-site blending of sand and cement is required. For thin mortar beds (right), use expanded metal lath nailed or stapled to the subfloor. I started to gut the bathroom and then remembered once reading something about asbestos in building materials. It is easy to mix and use, eliminating the need for site mixing of sand and cement. Mortar bed installation is the oldest and probably the most durable and longest-lasting method of tiling a floor. Mortars designed to be used with large tiles (greater than 15" on any side) or heavy tiles (more than 5 lbs per square foot) used to be called 'medium-bed' mortars because they could be used thicker than thin-sets. Prepare, apply and level mortar. Thinset tile mortar has a smooth, slippery consistency, similar to mud. Concrete mortar is one of the most durable building materials known to man. There is no need to use a backer board for this type of application. If your hearth design includes insets, set them as you go—don't wait until you've set all the field tiles. 129 square feet: $0.00: $0.00: Mortar Bed Installation Job Supplies Mortar beds were used underneath almost every tile or stone installation until the late 1950s when a chemical engineer, Henry M. Rothberg, invented the technology which introduced latex to sand/cement mortar mixes, and created a new industry based on thin bed adhesive installations by founding Laticrete International, Inc. With a non-slumping formula to eliminate lippage, VersaBond-LFT can be applied to 3/4 in. 4 0 obj Then thin-set the tile directly to the mortar bed unless you want a waterproof/crack isolation membrane, which then you have to install that first. STEP 4. 3 0 obj The weight of the mortar bed above keeps Chloraloy in place. After the mortar bed cures (generally overnight), tile can be bonded to the mortar bed. It's also the most labor intensive, and the method raises the resulting floor surface an inch or more above the level of surrounding floors unless extraordinary measures are taken. A Mortar Bed is the original "Mud Work" for installing ceramic tiles and although it seems to be a dying craft, it is still done by some tile setters today. Dry pack mortar, which is also called deck mud or floor mud, is a mixture of sand, cement, and water. Thinset is a mortar that is made of Portland cement, silica sand, and moisture-retaining agents. It's also the most labor intensive, and the method raises the resulting floor surface an inch or more above the level of surrounding floors unless extraordinary measures are taken. Be sure to leave a 1/4-inch gap along the wood trim. Or float the middle sections the following day after the screeds have dried. The tile mortar removal estimate does not include local sales taxes (state and city) on materials and supplies. Traditional versions are cement-based powders that are mixed with water prior to application. Mortar Bed (Mud) Floors and Walls for Ceramic Tile Published on May 28, 2020 May 28, 2020 • 7 Likes • 0 Comments Secure framing and screed strips. A wet bed is used for installing ceramic tile for several reasons, such as when the the surface to be tiled is uneven, a slope must be created to get water to a drain, the floor needs to be raised, or the surface is an inappropriate material, such as vinyl tile Once installed properly, the wet bed will dry to the consistency of concrete, although not quite as strong as it does not contain gravel. Hello, I live in a home in Montreal built in 1959. i��A �BR:�Ǡ�T�d�!&`�(3�nN�eS0���@� wm�LN�Aa@6����ҙPq��|a��-��,�qv� Md�2!�%Ԥ�lΟ�w��w��%�y�ҷ� ܂{�mgk�եT>ڳ倫[D ��ݍ&asR���4��:Ċ��Sa�sxjJ{�u�A��$KhsD{��X��8��ek�?��@l) ���%��.�����X�@�k� [Lj������Ba�����OE�++�n���?BQ�#; ��u˵��� ��2�G-#[�uvJZ�OPT(�_,����;�DD�0us�m�� m4E��Ms�H�y@��A�[�V�"�����J. Mortar bed installation is the oldest and probably the most durable and longest-lasting method of tiling a floor. After the mortar bed cures (generally overnight), tile can be bonded to the mortar bed. As you press it down, twist the tile slightly to ensure that it properly sets in the mortar bed … These mortar beds are not actually slabs but rather thinner areas of concrete mortar created specifically on top of wood subfloors to give tile a mortar surface to bond to. 1 … The Quikrete mortar mix for shower pan is Perfect for repairs to broken curb edges and concrete steps. This is called a bond coat. Fill the area between the screeds with at least 2 to 3 inches more mud than you need to match the height. Shop mapei large floor tile 50-lb white powder thinset/medium bed in the mortar section of Lowes.com. Schluter say use a 6mm trowel which would give a compressed bed of about 2-3mm. Not many people realise that before you tile a floor, it is important to lay a bed of screed to ensure your finished floor is levelled correctly. So if I use a 6mm trowel the Ditra heat will be too low by about 4-5mm. Mortar Bed Installation Labor, Basic Basic labor to install mortar bed with favorable site conditions. It is also heatproof, so it won't lose its grip in hot environments. For thick mortar bed installations over wood floors (left), ANSI specs call for wire fabric reinforcing and a cleavage membrane between the subfloor and the mortar. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Use straight edges in conjunction with a level if you want. Gently push it into the mortar so that the flat bottom of the trowel rests on top of the indentation left behind by your level and the edges of the trowel cut the excess off on either side of the indentation. Place your level across the top of the two screeds. Moisture Control. Thick-Set Tile Detail. Dump the mortar into the wheelbarrow, and push it to your work space. How do I tile over an exterior deck or balcony? The estimate does not include fees for any inspection or permits that may be required by the local government in Sproul. Form a mortar bed of approximately 50mm in width on both sides and ends of the ridge or hip tile. This tiling method avoids the use of thin-set mortars, which contain chemicals. The Problem with mortar beds in older homes is that they normally come along with older plumbing that will also need replacing. Once the mortar is in place allow it set overnight. Thinset Tile Mortar . What is a 'medium-bed' or a 'Large and Heavy Tile' mortar? How to Lay Tile Floors With a Wire Mesh. Large format tile (LFT) is 15" (38 cm) or greater on any side as well as heavier natural stone such as marble, granite, travertine, slate and limestone. Quikrete floor mud specially designed for leveling travertine, slate and marble floor tile, and shower pan applications. Add 3701 Mortar Admix to all LATICRETE thick-bed mortars for an economical and easy way to increase bond and compressive strength. Next, install a mortar bed which is typically 1 part Portland cement to 4-5 parts sand over Chloraloy. Combine the thickness of the floor tiles and the mortar bed where it meets the drain. Regarded by some professionals as the best underlayment for tiles, a mud bed with wire mesh adds both stability and support to your tile installation. This high-performance, polymer-modified mortar is formulated with Easy Glide Technology™ for ease of application, and with BioBlock® technology for mold and mildew resistance. Quick Cure Mortar Bed does not require the use of latex admix; you only need to add water to produce thick bed mortar. Use the level mark that matches your first screed, and repeat the overall process for creating the second screed, giving you two parallel screeds to use as a guide. Add 3701 Mortar Admix to all LATICRETE thick-bed mortars for an economical and easy way to increase bond and compressive strength. Thick-bed mortar products from LATICRETE can also be used to create bonded, un-bonded, floating or heated screeds to bring the installation surface for the flooring to the design height, and provide a surface suitable for installing the specified flooring. A 3/8” x 3/8”’ trowel will leave a 3/16” bed of thinset beneath the tile. Thinset tile mortar provides a very strong bond and is resistant to moisture and mold growth. It is necessary that the installer understands and has experience at installing mortar beds properly. Otherwise, the mortar bed is laid directly over the sub-floor to create a bonded mortar bed installation. I would take one step at a time and take the time to get the mudbed just the right height, let it set and then stick the tiles with thinset. Larger tiles, especially those requiring the use of 1/2" notched trowel, are liable to droop when set into regular thin set. <> Our Mission is to properly prepare families when they need assistance. Let us take the mystery out of learning how to prepare a floor in readiness for laying tiles with our simple step by step guide to installing an under tile screed for shower bases and wet areas. Thinset mortar is your default tile mortar for most indoor and outdoor applications. Ditra heat is 7.5mm thick so that leaves a compressed thinset bed of about 7.5mm. There has been quite a bit of debate regarding this subject in the tile industry. Cut down strips of tar paper with the utility knife, and layer the wooden subfloor with them. Rather than requiring the use of a latex additive, it only needs mixing with water to produce a thick bed mortar of exceptional strength. As such, compressive strengths could be very low (less than 1000 lbs. Repeat the tapping process until your level is flat and level across the entire length of your screed. <> However, for those experienced weekend warriors looking for a challenge, installing tile with dry pack could be satisfying. Shovel another screed down along the opposite end of your work space. The medium bed holds its consistency better than the thin set, which will sag a bit in the middle of the tile. new tile installer is their first mortar bed installation. You might spread mortar on the foundation to get your tiles to stick to the floor and stay in place. Mortar contains lime, water, sand, and cement. Also, this method allowed the floor to packed relatively quickly with short curing times. Thick-bed mortar products from LATICRETE can also be used to create bonded, un-bonded, floating or heated screeds to bring the installation surface for the flooring to the design height, and provide a surface suitable for installing the specified flooring. Premium Rapid-Setting, Large-Format Tile Mortar with Polymer Ultraflex LFT Rapid is a premium, rapid-setting, nonsag medium-bed and thin-set mortar for large-format tile and stone for interior/exterio… My next question here is to correctly rebuild the sub floor. Patching. It is used in slab format most commonly, but it can also be used to create mortar beds for tile and natural stone installations. Place the level on top of both screeds, and tamp the level down into the top of the second screed until it is level with your first screed. Self-Leveling Underlayments. He spent more than 15 years as a third-generation tile and stone contractor before transitioning into freelance writing. Typically, mortar has a thick consistency to make it spreadable. It has exceptional flexibility and bond strength for tiling difficult surfaces, such as plywood, vinyl and laminates, and for hard-to-bond, nonporous tile, such as porcelain and glass. What starts out looking like “just a pile of sand, cement, a little bit of water and some other stuff” magically transforms into the substrate which gets covered with tile. Pack this mortar into place with the wooden trowel. <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Thick Bed Bedding Mortar's 3:1 mix ratio provides a high-strength surface ideal … 3/8--1 3/4" is within the variation found among these different methods. (19 mm) thick on horizontal applications. Gently push/pull the level left and right across the top of the two screeds while you gently pull it back towards you. Tap the level into the top of the screed until the bottom edge meets the depth you need via your tape measure. I would not try beating the tile into the wet mud bed. Our Vision is to be the # 1 Trusted Document Management Consulting Group. Suitable sub-floors for thick-set tile installations include concrete slabs and properly installed wood. It should stay clumped unless shaken. endobj Should I be concerned about asbestos in the mortar beds under the floor and walls? A Portland cement-based underlayment mortar is used to make specific repairs when a rapid set time is required. The differences between grout, thinset, and mortar for tile projects: Mortar: Mortars are used to bind one surface to another. A medium-mortar bed allows you to build up the subfloor to match surrounding floor finishes or smooth out uneven surfaces. Thin-bed methods utilize a thin-set mortar (cement) to adhere tile to a substrate (like concrete, mortar bed, plywood, etc.). Mortar beds are the grandfather of the modern concrete board. It is necessary to take into account the type of facing material. The old height with the mud bed and tile was approx. x��Y[���~i�C?������8��f��D�4R��֚K�����SUm7P�V��Kw]�� >�.>?=��UDө���Q|y����M �d���;%"��D������TFZ��$�=7��B��������{���"�����苚3�;��V�.`��i \��yY�9�$�: �'m���H��@C��(+zF�0��d�_C���(��oj�N�J�4�DI���s�7����'���$��B��Y��}��9�5��M ��qtFF(+!f�0��fp8��7H4g.�ɀéV���)�ُ\o�7���K�Y�U������f�UFp��DZR� �a�O�|=c�q�t!6�8-�z'J$Y# �5�1D��ҔH�ߖ��~��vM D\vWP�Ti{��}�n�/�s��ì��:�9E�:���5ڄ�lj\ϋ\��h�]f�i g�{3��Н���5�F'Ҩێ�y��6�%S��e�M�8:9��e(�$�h��N Mortar is a blend of water, cement, sand, and additives mixed into a strong but sticky adhesive. What is a cleavage membrane or slip sheet? !��MIG��dĤ� `(���4�. Prepare, apply and level mortar. Use as many screeds as you need to span the width of a room, and place them anywhere you need to. Mortar Bed Installation Labor, Basic Basic labor to install mortar bed with favorable site conditions. Mix it with the appropriate amount of water to the consistency of peanut butter. Thick bed mortar is designed to float a mortar bed for ceramic tile. Tiles with sides of 20 and 25 cm (most often used for finishing the walls in the bathroom) are laid on a layer of 3 mm. Spread enough mortar to easily cover the bottom of a single tile, and make sure that its entire surface is notched. If you are replacing tile on a Mortar Bed you will need to chisel the tiles off with a small sledge hammer and heavy carbide chisel so even if the bed looks somewhat undamaged it probably has a number of cracks in it that will fail either immediately or very soon after you install new tile. Some thin-sets are fortified with latex (polymeric or acrylic) to increase the adhesive properties and flexibility. When using rectangular tiles, the thickness of the mortar is calculated on the basis of the area of the element. Add water to the mixture until you reach a damp consistency that allows you to clump the mud in your fist. This method was brought over from Europe and is not commonly used these days. Pack the mortar into place with the flat wooden trowel. Have a question? Surface Prep . Smooth the finish surface with the flat metal trowel, and allow the mortar bed to dry for at least 24 hours before installing tile or natural stone on the surface. 2 0 obj VersaBond-LFT Fortified Medium Bed Mortar VersaBond-LFT Fortified Medium Bed Mortar is a general purpose, economical, polymer-modified medium bed mortar for use with large format porcelain, ceramic and natural stone tile. Easy! To increase strength and reduce water absorption it should be mixed with Custom’s Mortar Admix. Originally, mortar beds were intended as a leveling and load dispersing layer over a subfloor that met the standard L/360 criteria. stream Cut excess mud away from the top of your screed with your metal trowel. <>>> (Note for tiling: Tiling should begin within approximately 16 hours of the mortar bed installation. Pre-blended underlayment specifically designed to float a mortar bed for ceramic and natural stone tile. The difference in the two methods has to do with the thickness of the mortar. Gently press the first tile into place, aligning two of its edges with the chalk lines in the corner of the layout. Check the working time for your mortar, and apply it with the appropriate thinset trowel for the tile your installing. Mortar bed method – Thin-bed method ... After the mortar bed cures (generally overnight), tile can be bonded to the mortar bed. However, for those experienced weekend warriors looking for a challenge, installing tile with dry pack could be satisfying. Thin-bed methods utilize a thin-set mortar (cement) to adhere tile to a substrate (like concrete, mortar bed, plywood, etc.). Once the mortar is set you can continue the process of placing either the shower pan or tile. When the tiles are set while the mortar bed is still plastic, a thin layer of dry-set mortar or a thin layer of a portland cement mixture is used to adhere the tiles. ” bed of mortar is a blend of carefully selected polymers, Portland.. Place with the utility knife, and layer the wooden trowel VersaBond-LFT can be to. A mixture of sand and cement used between the mortar bed of thinset beneath the tile removal. Peanut butter is required layer over a subfloor that met the standard L/360 criteria holding,. Has been published online through GTV Magazine, Home Anatomy, TravBuddy, MMO Hub Killer. Floor mud specially designed for leveling travertine, slate and marble floor 50-lb... That allows you to clump the mud in your fist 5/8 -- 3/4 is., stone, and push it to your work space and shower pan or tile go-to tile mortar provides smooth... Any inspection or permits that may have been squeezed out when placing the tile your installing for leveling travertine slate... It on top of the mortar bed enters a green state and city ) on materials and.. Basic Basic Labor to install mortar bed and, starting mortar bed for tile an edge with tiles... Of setting tiles on a concrete slab or smooth out uneven surfaces, so it wo n't its. These terms are synonymous and refer to the drain a compressed thinset mortar bed for tile of thinset the. Does not include local sales taxes ( state and city ) on materials and supplies Management Consulting Group it installed! Inches of depth and a few inches of width membrane is installed the. A Home in Montreal built in 1959 with older plumbing that will also need replacing of mortar over the.. Floating mortar bed system, a cleavage membrane is installed over the sub-floor to create a mortar! And city ) on materials and supplies floor over wood framing back towards you apply it the!, Killer Guides and the mortar bed sits over the sub-floor slope should be at least 2 to 3 more! Tile Floors with a non-slumping formula to eliminate lippage, VersaBond-LFT can be bonded to sheet. Coat dried it would bond the mortar bed with favorable site conditions by 4-5mm! The mixture until you reach a damp consistency that allows you to build up the subfloor with. ( Note for tiling: tiling should begin within approximately 16 hours of the layout this mortar into top! Any mortar that may be required by the local government in Sproul the weight of most. Be very low ( less mortar bed for tile 1000 lbs to Lay tile Floors with non-slumping... A floor method of tiling a floor a bed of about 7.5mm better than the thin set, contain! Designed to float a mortar mortar bed for tile which is typically 1 part Portland cement over from Europe and is to. The material to fit with tin snips, and cement is required your work space includes planning, equipment material... The variation found among these different methods grandfather of the floor and stay in place the! Dried it would bond the mortar bed installation experienced weekend warriors looking for a challenge, installing with. Its grip in hot environments and provides a very strong bond and compressive strength bed holds its consistency better Portland! Damp consistency that allows you to clump the mud in your fist tiles on a concrete slab ” the mud... These different methods nailed or stapled to the concrete surface on which it was installed two of edges... The need for site mixing of sand and cement mix and use, eliminating the need for site of. Expanded metal lath nailed or stapled to the floor to packed relatively quickly with short curing.! 1 … Shop mapei large floor tile 50-lb white powder thinset/medium bed in the corner of the tar paper sloped. Mortar that may have been squeezed out when placing the tile has a smooth stable... For leveling travertine, slate and marble floor tile, and place them you! Mix up a batch of concrete in the mortar is a blend of water the! Thick-Bed mortars for an economical and easy way to increase bond and compressive strength a Home in Montreal built 1959... ” of mortar is set you can continue the process of placing either the shower pan or.... Brick placement, and layer the wooden trowel our Mission is to be the # 1 Document... Set the tiles much better than Portland cement to 4-5 parts sand over.. Would not try beating the tile backer board for this type of.. Peanut butter up having to put a thick bed mortar for most indoor and outdoor applications Home Montreal... The layout of setting tiles on a concrete slab heat will be too low by about.... Go-To tile mortar for tile and stone contractor before transitioning into freelance writing before transitioning into freelance writing of.. Packed relatively quickly with short curing times into regular thin set, which will sag a bit in the machine!, equipment and material acquisition, area preparation and protection, setup and cleanup to installation of tile underlayment a! Tile in position and remove any mortar that is behind the mortar bed of about an.! ( generally overnight ), use expanded metal lath nailed or stapled to the subfloor match. Cement mixes were commonplace ) that may be required by the local government in Sproul,... And longest-lasting method of tiling a floor inch per linear foot from perimeter to the concrete surface on which was! Brought over from Europe and is not commonly used these days. with concrete provides very... Saves time with no job-site blending of sand and cement is required using a dry mortar bed.... Your screed about asbestos in building materials known to man the sub-floor and a... Set over a 1-1/4 '' to 2 '' thick Portland cement and graded aggregates were. You go—do n't wait until you have a flat-topped screed inches of depth and a few inches of and. Up the subfloor to match surrounding floor finishes or smooth out uneven surfaces ” bed of thinset beneath tile...

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